Makar Sankranti

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The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated when the sun rises. The special thing of this festival is that it is celebrated not on different dates like other festivals, but only on January 14 every year, when the sun passes through the Makara line through Uttarayan. This festival is included in the major festivals of Hinduism. Sometimes it is celebrated a day before or after, i.e. on 13 or 15 January, but it happens rarely. Makar Sankranti is directly related to the geography of the Earth and the position of the Sun. Whenever the sun comes on the Makar Rekha, the day is January 14, so on this day the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated.

The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated differently in different regions of India. In Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka it is called Sankranti and in Tamil Nadu it is celebrated as Pongal festival. In Punjab and Haryana, new crop is welcomed at this time and Lohri festival is celebrated, while in Assam, this festival is celebrated with enthusiasm as Bihu. Its name and manner of celebration varies in each province.

According to different beliefs, the dishes of this festival are also different, but lentils and rice khichdi have become the main identity of this festival. Especially eating khichdi with jaggery and ghee is important. Apart from this, sesame and jaggery also have great importance on Makar Sankranti. On this day, getting up early in the morning and bathing with sesame seeds is done. Apart from this, sesame and jaggery laddus and other dishes are also made. At this time, Suhagan women also exchange the contents of Suhag. It is believed that this makes her husband's life longer.

From the astrological point of view, on this day, the Sun enters Capricorn, except Sagittarius and the speed of Uttarayan of Sun starts. The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated as the welcome-festival with the entry of Uttarayan of the Sun. There are twelve transitions of the Sun in the twelve zodiac signs Aries, Taurus, Capricorn, Aquarius, Sagittarius etc. throughout the year and when Sun enters Capricorn except Sagittarius, then Makar Sankranti happens. The purana of the Brahma Muhurta worship of the deities begins after the sun has passed Uttarayan. This period is called the time of attaining Para-Apara Vidya. It has also been called the perfect time for spiritual practice. During this period, puneet karma etc. are done like Dev Reputation, House Building, Yagya Karma.

Makar Sankranti is also called the festival of bath and charity. On this day, bathing in the pilgrimage and holy rivers is of great importance, as well as donating sesame, jaggery, khichdi, fruit and zodiac, one gets virtue. It is also believed that donations made on this day please the Sun God.

In the Mahabharata, Bhishma Pitamah voluntarily gave up the body on the day of Magha Shukla Ashtami only when the sun was in Uttarayan. His Shraddha ceremony was also performed in the Uttarayan motion of the Sun. As a result, till today the practice of til arghya and water tarpan for the happiness of fathers is prevalent on the occasion of Makar Sankranti. Apart from all these beliefs, the festival of Makar Sankranti is an added excitement. On this day, flying kites also has special significance. On this day big kite flying events are also organized at many places. People do kite flying with great joy and gaiety.

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